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Virupaksha Temple

Virupaksha Temple is a historically important and dynamic Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is located in Hampi, Karnataka, India. Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagar Empire during the 14th to 16th centuries. Here are some facts about Virupaksha Temple:

Location :

The Virupaksha Temple is located in the heart of Hampi on the right bank of the Tungabhadra river.

Historical Significance :

The temple has a rich history and is believed to be functioning uninterruptedly since the 7th century, making it one of the oldest functioning temples in India.

Deity :

The main deity of this temple is Lord Shiva, who is worshiped as Virupaksha, the form of Lord Shiva. The temple also has temples dedicated to Goddess Pampa (Parvati) and Bhuvaneshwari.

Architecture :

The temple is a blend of Dravidian and Vijayanagar architectural styles. It has a gopuram (high tower), a large courtyard, assemblies and mantapas (pillars).

Raya Gopuram :

At the eastern entrance of the temple is a tall tower called the Rai Gopuram, nine stories high and richly decorated with carvings.

Mantapas :

The complex of the temple consists of several mantapas or halls, known for its intricate pillars and carvings, including the Raimantapa and the Devimantapa.

Hemakuta Hill Temples :

The Virupaksha Temple is part of a group of temples on Hemkut Hill, which offers a panoramic view of Hampi. This temple is collectively known as the Hemkoot Hill Temple.

Festivals :

The temple hosts festivals like the annual Virupakshakara Mahotsav (Rath Yatra), which attracts many devotees and tourists.

Hampi Bazaar :

The temple connects the street with the Hampi Bazaar, which was once a busy market during the Vijayanagara period.

Courtyard and Raya Mantapa :

A large courtyard in front of the temple leads to a beautiful pillared hall called the Raimantapa with elaborate paintings depicting scenes from Hindu mythology.

Wedding Rituals :

The temple is a popular venue for Hindu weddings. Devotees believe that marriage in the presence of Lord Virupaksha brings blessings and marital harmony.

Achyutaraya Temple :

Dedicated to Lord Thiruvengalanatha (Vishnu), the Achyutarai Temple is adjacent to the Virupaksha Temple and forms part of the holy ground of Hampi.

Pampa Sarovar :

The size of the temple also includes Pampa Lake, a sacred lake where devotees ritually bathe.

UNESCO World Heritage Site :

The Virupaksha Temple and other monuments in Hampi have been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its cultural and historical importance.

Virupaksha-Temple image
Virupaksha Temple

The Virupaksha Temple is not only a religious place but also a major architectural and historical landmark that gives you an insight into the rich cultural heritage of the Vijayanagar Empire and remains a major tourist attraction and tourist attraction.

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